Money personality Dave Ramsey has landed himself in hot water after a spectacular on-air rant about the popular 4% rule for retirement withdrawals.
It all started when a 30-year-old man with $120,000 already saved for retirement called into “The Ramsey Show” to ask what percentage of his assets he should plan to withdraw in retirement over a 30-year time period.
Commercial real estate has outperformed the S&P 500 over 25 years. Here's how to diversify your portfolio without the headache of being a landlord
Rising prices are throwing off Americans' retirement plans — here's how to get your savings back on track
'A natural way to diversify': Janet Yellen now says Americans should expect a decline in the USD as the world's reserve currency — 3 ways you can prepare
The caller brought up a recent video shared by “The Ramsey Show” co-host George Kamel — aimed at rich young Americans planning to retire early — where Kamel told viewers to follow a 3% withdrawal rate if they want their nest egg to survive over 30 years or longer.
“I don't know what the hell George is doing with a 3% withdrawal rate because that's absolutely wrong,” said Ramsey. “It’s ridiculous.”
Instead, Ramsey said he’d be “perfectly comfortable” withdrawing 8% per year, assuming you can earn a 12% annual return from “good mutual funds” — in line with the S&P 500, which has earned an average annual return of 11.8% since 1926 — and you set aside 4% for annual inflation.
Ramsey’s retirement advice has landed like a lead balloon among other money professionals, with some calling his 8% withdrawal rate suggestion “scary,” and “incredibly dangerous.”
So, how do you figure out what’s right for your retirement?
Ramsey’s 8% suggestion
For years, financial planners and retirees have relied on the 4% rule — coined in 1994 by financial adviser Bill Bengen — which states retirees should plan to withdraw 4% of their assets every year, increasing or decreasing that distribution annually based on inflation.
But Ramsey slammed the commonly used rule — and the “goobers” that preach it — stating: “It’s too low! It's not realistic. You do not need to live on 4% of your money for your nest egg to survive.”
If you only withdraw 4% from an investment portfolio that is earning 12% compound annual growth (CAGR), Ramsey thinks you’re missing out on a big opportunity.
“Where the flip is the other 8% going?” said Ramsey. “Well, 4% of it went to inflation [and] the other 4% is just sitting there, so you’re growing your investments instead of living off of them. I'm not destroying the nest egg, I’m not even touching [it]. I’m growing the nest egg by leaving 4% in there and taking 8% off of a 12% growth rate.”
With $1 million saved for retirement, Ramsey said you should be able to withdraw $80,000 each year in retirement and “never destroy” your nest egg. He said telling people $1 million in savings would only safely result in $40,000 annual income in retirement is just “bogus math” from “super nerds” that are “stealing people’s hope.”
On a basic level, his live on-air math about an 8% withdrawal rate checks out, but it is based on a lot of assumptions. For instance, it assumes you’ll have the majority (if not all) of your portfolio invested in equities — which is a risky strategy for retirees — that will consistently achieve a 11-12% CAGR. Not only that, Ramsey also fails to mention additional expenses like the management expense ratio (MER) for mutual funds and exchange-traded funds, which typically ranges between 0.5% and 2%.
These omissions during his very heated tirade against “4% withdrawal rate morons” are what has gotten Ramsey’s critics so riled up.
What are the critics saying?
Dave McKnight, author of “The Power of Zero” took aim at Ramsey in a Youtube video where he said the radio host was “living in a fantasy world where he thinks these kinds of stratospheric distribution rates are sustainable in retirement.”
McKnight’s biggest issue with the 8% withdrawal rate is that “it doesn’t account for investment volatility.”
“Just because you average 11.8% per year — if that’s even possible — doesn’t mean that you’ll be getting precisely that result each and every year,” he said. “As it turns out, the order in which you experience returns in retirement is one of the biggest keys in determining whether your retirement assets will last through life expectancy.”
Fellow personal finance author, Rob Berger, made a similar point on his Youtube channel: “Dave is fundamentally wrong. Without equivocation, he is wrong. An 8% withdrawal rate would be incredibly dangerous.”
Read more: Rich young Americans have lost confidence in the stock market — and are betting on these 3 assets instead. Get in now for strong long-term tailwinds
Berger called out the over-simplicity of Ramsey’s argument: “I will certainly agree with Dave that 12 - 4 = 8, but that’s about where our agreement ends.”
In particular, Berger was uncomfortable with Ramsey’s suggestion that a retirement portfolio heavy in index or mutual funds that track the U.S. stock market will return 12% every year. Using a tool called Portfolio Visualizer, he proved the CAGR for U.S. stocks was actually 10.25% from 1972-2023.
“What period of time you look at matters,” said Berger. “Even over a very long period of time — 50 to 51 years — you can see the stocks return substantially less than 12%. What you don’t know is what they’re going to return in retirement.”
Other Ramsey critics took to X (formerly Twitter) to call foul on his retirement advice. Caleb Hammer, a personal finance personality who focuses on helping people out of debt, described the advice as “scary” and highlighted that only 32.5% of people would still have money in their nest egg after 30 years of retirement.
What’s the right withdrawal rate for you?
There are a few things to bear in mind when considering Ramsey’s 8% withdrawal rate over the more traditional and conservative 4% rate — or even 3% as money maven Suze Orman would have you consider in this time of economic volatility.
Ramsey’s calculation is based on the assumption that your retirement portfolio will be entirely made up of stocks — which would be unusual as retirees are generally advised to shift their portfolios away from stocks and towards more conservative investments like bonds as they grow older.
It is also important to consider how sequence risk — which refers to how the order and timing of poor investment returns, for instance, due to a stock market slump — can have a big impact on how long your retirement savings will last.
As Berger pointed out: “If we get really bad years — that is stock market losses and inflation — in the early years of retirement, that has a compounding effect. We can have bad years to begin with that are so bad that it tanks our retirement.”
The most important thing to remember is that everyone’s financial situation at retirement is different and while a percentage rule might be a good starting point, you may want to tweak it to suit your situation. If you’re unsure what retirement strategy will work best, consider working with a financial adviser who can help you navigate your specific financial needs.
What to read next
Thanks to Jeff Bezos, you can now use $100 to cash in on prime real estate — without the headache of being a landlord. Here's how.
Worried about the economy? Here are the best shock-proof assets for your portfolio. (They’re all outside of the stock market.)
Jeff Bezos and Oprah Winfrey invest in this asset to keep their wealth safe — you may want to do the same in 2023
This article provides information only and should not be construed as advice. It is provided without warranty of any kind.
Insights, advice, suggestions, feedback and comments from experts
Dave Ramsey's Controversial Retirement Withdrawal Advice
Dave Ramsey, a well-known money personality, recently sparked controversy with his on-air rant about the popular 4% rule for retirement withdrawals. During an episode of "The Ramsey Show," a caller asked what percentage of his assets he should plan to withdraw in retirement over a 30-year period. Ramsey criticized the commonly used 4% rule and instead suggested an 8% withdrawal rate, claiming that it is a more realistic approach to retirement planning [].
The 4% Rule and Ramsey's Critique
The 4% rule, coined by financial adviser Bill Bengen in 1994, suggests that retirees should plan to withdraw 4% of their assets every year, adjusting for inflation. This rule has been widely accepted and used by financial planners and retirees for many years. However, Ramsey argues that the 4% rule is too conservative and unnecessary for a nest egg to survive. He believes that by withdrawing 8% per year, assuming a 12% annual return from "good mutual funds" and accounting for 4% inflation, retirees can grow their investments while still enjoying a comfortable retirement [].
Criticisms of Ramsey's Advice
Ramsey's retirement advice has faced criticism from other money professionals. Some argue that an 8% withdrawal rate is too high and unsustainable in retirement. They point out that Ramsey's calculation assumes a high-risk strategy of investing the majority, if not all, of the portfolio in equities, which may not be suitable for retirees. Additionally, Ramsey fails to mention additional expenses like the management expense ratio (MER) for mutual funds and exchange-traded funds, which can range from 0.5% to 2%. Critics argue that these omissions undermine the validity of Ramsey's argument [].
Considerations for Retirement Planning
When determining the right withdrawal rate for retirement, it is important to consider several factors. Ramsey's 8% withdrawal rate is based on the assumption that the retirement portfolio will be entirely invested in stocks, which may not align with the conservative investment approach recommended for retirees. It is also crucial to consider sequence risk, which refers to the impact of poor investment returns in the early years of retirement. Bad years at the beginning of retirement can significantly affect the longevity of retirement savings. Therefore, it is essential to tailor the withdrawal rate to individual financial situations and seek guidance from a financial adviser if needed [].
In conclusion, Dave Ramsey's suggestion of an 8% withdrawal rate for retirement has sparked controversy among financial professionals. While his argument challenges the commonly used 4% rule, critics argue that an 8% withdrawal rate may be too high and unsustainable. It is important for individuals to consider their specific financial circumstances, investment strategies, and seek professional advice when planning for retirement.